Pemerintah Seharusnya Menerapkan UU Karantina Wilayah

Oleh : Anindito Nugroho
Mahasiswa Fisip UMJ

Teropongpost, –Seperti yang kita ketahui dunia saat ini sedang dilanda pandemi Virus Covid-19. Dampak dari virus ini bukan lah main-main, seluruh Negara di dunia ini terkena dampak dari virus ini, baik dari segi kesehatan maupun ekonomi. Yang akan dibahas dalam tulisan ini adalah langkah Pemerintah dalam menangani Virus Covid-19. Pemerintah saat ini mengambil langkah PSBB. Apa itu PSBB? PSBB adalah Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar.

Misalnya begini, setiap warga yang menjalani aktivitas di luar rumah harap menjaga jarak antara satu dengan yang lainnya. Makna PSBB sebenarnya tidak jauh berbeda dengan Social Distancing, akan tetapi pemerintah menjadikan itu sebagai landasan dalam pengambilan kebijakannya. PSBB pada awal diterapkan memang menurunkan aktivitas masyarakat untuk keluar rumah, akan tetapi seiring berjalannya waktu, masyarakat mulai acuh terhadap PSBB. Ada beberapa faktor yang membuat masyakarat tidak menghiraukan PSBB.

Salah Satunya adalah Faktor Ekonomi, Dampak Dari Covid-19 membuat perekonomian Indonesia turun. Bahkan para pengamat memprediksikan pertumbuhan ekonomi di tahun 2020 hanya mencapai 2,3 persen. Kelompok pertama yg terkena imbas dari Covid-19 adalah pekerja informal/harian. Pemerintah memberikan himbauan tentang Stay At Home (dirumah aja), untuk memutus rantai penyebaran. Akan tetapi, para pekerja informal mengeluh soal ini, “kalau saya dirumah, maka saya tidak bekerja, kalau saya tidak bekerja, maka saya tidak makan”. Kata salah satu seorang driver ojol di acara ILC pada beberapa minggu yang lalu.

Menurut saya Pemerintah seharusnya menerapkan UU karantina wilayah. Karena untuk memutus rantai penyebaran, Pemerintah tidak bisa hanya melakukan himbauan dan mengharapkan masyarakat agar patuh kepada himbauan tersebut. Menurut saya, pemerintah punya legitimasi untuk memaksa masyarakat agar tetap dirumah. Dengan cara apa? Dengan cara menerapkan UU karantina wilayah.
Karena dengan adanya Undang-undang tersebut, masyarakat menjadi paham betapa seriusnya Pemerintah menghadapi Virus Covid-19 ini, dan juga ketika masyarakat melakukan tindakan pelanggaran terhadap undang-undang ini, maka ia dapat diproses hukum.

Ketika UU karantina wilayah diterapkan nantinya, semua kebutuhan pokok akan dijamin oleh pemerintah pusat. Yang saya pertanyakan, kenapa pemerintah tidak mengambil langkah ini? Saya tidak bilang bahwa pemerintah tidak serius dalam menghadapi Covid-19, tetapi UU karantina Wilayah ini menurut saya merupakan landasan Hukum yang tepat apabila pemerintah ingin masyarakat agar tetap di rumah. Demokrasi tidak akan hilang apabila UU karantina wilayah diterapkan, menurut saya tidaklah tepat apabila ada yang mengatakan bahwa UU karantina wilayah bersifat otoriter. Karena UU karantina wilayah ini tidak merampas hak seseorang untuk hidup, hanya saja hak untuk bekerja untuk sementara waktu di larang oleh undang-undang ini.

Kita bisa ambil contoh ketika virus Covid-19 muncul di Wuhan, Pemerintah Wuhan mengambil langkah yang cepat, yaitu Lockdown (karantina wilayah) pada bulan Januari lalu. Hasil dari kebijakan ini apa? Dalam 76 hari lockdown, Pemerintah Wuhan menutup semua akses kedalam maupun keluar Kota Wuhan. Sektor yang diperbolehkan untuk beroperasi hanya sektor bahan pokok. Hasilnya adalah per tanggal 8 april lalu, Wuhan resmi dinyatakan bebas dari virus Covid-19.

Kita bisa ambil pelajaran dari sini, bahwa keselamatan rakyat adalah hukum tertinggi, yang dikenal dengan Istilah latinnya adalah “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto”. Saya hanya berharap bahwa Pemerintah bisa mengambil kebijakan ini sesegera mungkin, karena semakin lama menunda akan semakin besar rantai penyebarannya. Kita kesampingkan dulu ekonomi, karena ekonomi bisa dibangun tapi nyawa orang yang telah meninggal tidak bisa dibangun kembali.
Kita semua setuju bahwa dampak dari virus Covid-19 ini mampu melumpuhkan perekonomian Negara, tetapi apalah arti ekonomi apabila harga kemanusiaan telah mati. (RED)

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